An international panel, co-chaired by David Cameron, has told the United Nations that the world can – and must – end extreme poverty by 2030.
The panel, who were tasked with looking at the best ways to reduce global poverty by UN Secretary General Ban Ki-moon, presented its final recommendations today.
In its report, titled ‘A New Global Partnership: Eradicate Poverty and Transform Economies through Sustainable Development’, the panel proposes 12 measurable goals and 54 targets for the international community to rally around to take action.
Prime Minister David Cameron said:
This report sets out a clear roadmap for eradicating extreme poverty by 2030.
We need a new global partnership, to finish the job on the currentMillennium Development Goals, tackle the underlying causes of poverty, and champion sustainable development.
The overarching goals include ending extreme poverty for good, making sure everyone has access to food and water, promoting good government and boosting jobs and growth.
The individual targets include promoting free speech and the rule of law, ending child marriage, protecting property rights, encouraging entrepreneurship and educating all children to at least primary school level.
The goals the report put forward are based on five big ideas:
- finish the job: the Millennium Development Goals aimed to halve poverty – these new goals will end it by 2030
- go green: for decades, the ‘green’ and development agendas have been separate. This report says they should be brought together
- go for growth: economic growth is the only exit from poverty. A greater focus is needed on jobs, business and economic opportunity for all
- good government: the need for free speech, good government, and tackling corruption has been avoided in the development debate. The panel put building the institutions of an open society at the heart of its approach, as well as ending conflict and violence
- global partnership: everyone around the world must work together to make it happen
The final report comes after 8 months of consultation with more than 5,000 public groups across 120 different countries. Citizens, governments, businesses, local charities, community groups and development experts all had a chance to contribute their ideas.
The process began last year when the Prime Minister, alongside Presidents Yudhoyono of Indonesia and Johnson Sirleaf of Liberia, was asked by Ban Ki-moon to set out ideas for a new set of development goals that could replace the existing Millennium Development Goals.
They led a 27-strong team of global leaders – officially called the High Level Panel on the Post 2015 Development Agenda (HLP) – who met in London, Monrovia and Bali to discuss the next steps forward.
The panel’s work is now complete, but its report will now be used to kick-start two years of discussion and negotiation to set the development agenda that will succeed the current Millennium Development Goalswhen they expire in 2015.