Afghan Refugees Need Right Conditions To Return Home

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The United Nations refugee chief today thanked the Pakistani Government for itsgenerosity towards Afghans who have sought refuge in the country, while alsocalling for creating the right conditions in Afghanistan that will promotelarge-scale voluntary returns.

“At a time when many countries are closing their doors to those fleeing violenceand persecution, the generosity of the people and the Government of Pakistantowards Afghan refugees deserves greater recognition and support on the part ofthe international community,” said UNHigh Commissioner for Refugees António Guterres.

Wrapping up a two-day visit to Pakistan, he called for additional international
solidarity with the country as well as with Iran, both of which continue to host
large numbers of Afghan refugees after more than 30 years.

Nearly three million registered Afghan refugees remain in the region today,
including 1.7 million in Pakistan and one million in Iran.

Last year, just over 50,000 Afghan refugees returned home from Pakistan, down
from nearly 110,000 in 2010. Despite the decline, the number of Afghan returns
last year represented the largest refugee repatriation programme in the world.

“The priority now is to create conditions inside Afghanistan that will allow for
large-scale voluntary repatriation,” said Mr. Guterres.

While in Pakistan, the High Commissioner met with Prime Minister Yousuf Raza
Gilani and Foreign Minister Hina Rabbani Khar to discuss an agreement reached in
Dubai this week between Pakistan, Iran, Afghanistan and the UN refugee agency
(UNHCR) to pursue a regional strategy aimed at finding durable solutions to the
Afghan refugee situation.

The new strategy will be presented at a conference to be held in Switzerland in
May that will seek support for programmes inside Afghanistan which will foster
returns while providing additional support to communities that host Afghan
refugees.

According to UNHCR, the lack of livelihood opportunities and shelter, as well as
insecurity, are the most frequently cited reasons for not returning to
Afghanistan.

Those who return through the agency’s voluntary repatriation programme receive
an average of $150 per person to cover transport as well as the initial cost of
settling back home. In total, 5.7 million Afghan refugees have returned from
Pakistan and Iran, representing nearly a quarter of Afghanistan’s population.

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