An independent United Nations human rights expert has asked Canada to clarify what it is doing to address the “dire” socio-economic conditions of the Attawapiskat aboriginal community, noting that many of its members live in unheated shacks or trailers, with no running water.
James Anaya, the Special Rapporteur on the rights of indigenous peoples, said in
a news release that he has been in touch with the Canadian Government to voice
his deep concern about the conditions of the Attawapiskat First Nation, which he
said exemplifies the conditions of many aboriginal communities in the country.
The Attawapiskat First Nation is a remote community in northern Ontario
comprised of about 1,800 members. Mr. Anaya noted that the poor living
conditions are particularly serious as winter approaches the area, which faces
winter temperatures as low as minus 28 degrees Celsius.
“The social and economic situation of the Attawapiskat seems to represent the
condition of many First Nation communities living on reserves throughout Canada,
which is allegedly akin to Third World conditions,” he stated.
“Yet, this situation is not representative of non-aboriginal communities in
Canada, a country with overall human rights indicators scoring among the top of
all countries of the world.
“Aboriginal communities face vastly higher poverty rights, and poorer health,
education, employment rates as compared to non-aboriginal people,” said the
In a communication sent to Canadian authorities yesterday, Mr. Anaya asked the
Government to provide details regarding official programmes in place to address
the disparate social and economic conditions of First Nations communities, as
well as the disparate social and economic conditions between and among First
“I will be monitoring closely the situation of the Attawapiskat First Nation and
other aboriginal communities in Canada, keeping an open dialogue with the
Government and all stakeholders to promote good practices, including new laws,
government programmes, and constructive agreements between indigenous peoples
and states, and to implement international standards concerning the rights of
indigenous peoples,” said the expert.
Mr. Anaya has served as Special Rapporteur since March 2008. He reports to the
UN Human Rights Council in Geneva in an independent and unpaid capacity.