It is vital that international law underpin developments on the global stage,
especially in an ever increasingly globalized and interconnected world, the head
of the United Nations International Court of Justice (ICJ) said today.
“It is no exaggeration to say that all regions of the world have become closely
intertwined,” Judge Hisashi Owada, President of the ICJ, the principal judicial
organ of the UN, said as he reported to the General Assembly on the court’s
activities over the past year.
“In this 21st century, international politics are undeniably interconnected; a
truly global economy has emerged; and our natural environment and global climate
change have created new challenges,” he noted.
“In these times of unprecedented interconnection between States and peoples, it
is my sincere belief that a firm reliance on international law must underpin any
and all future developments on the global stage.”
Established in 1945 under the UN Charter, the ICJ – sometimes referred to as the
World Court – settles legal disputes between States and gives advisory opinions
on legal questions that have been referred to it by authorized UN organs or
Judge Owada noted the trust that the international community continues to place
in the Court to handle a wide variety of legal disputes.
“States from all corners of world, faithful to their attachment to international
law, continue to have recourse to the Court in order to find a judicial
settlement to their disputes,” he stated.
Since last October, the Court has rendered four judgments and three orders on
cases involving countries from all regions of the world and raising a broad
range of legal questions, from border and maritime disputes to compensation for
injury and racial discrimination.
Given a “remarkable” increase in the number of cases on the docket, the
President said the Court is now opining on more than a few cases on a parallel
basis, thus making its best endeavours to eliminate a backlog on judicial work.
“It is my hope that Member States will continue to rely on the International
Court of Justice to assist them in the pacific settlement of their disputes and
that more States will accept the Court’s jurisdiction.”
The Court’s current docket stands at 15 cases, most of which are still at the
stage of being in the hands of the parties who are presenting their written
proceedings in advance of the oral hearings.
The two most recent cases that have been filed concern a border dispute between
Costa Rica and Nicaragua as well as the row between Cambodia and Thailand over
the Preah Vihear temple.