The UN Population Fund (UNFPA), the World Health Organization (WHO) and the Government of Indonesia have launched a joint programme to support Indonesia’s efforts to fight human trafficking.
The USD 2.3 million, two-year EMPOWER programme, which is funded by the UN Trust Fund for Human Security (UNTFHS), will focus primarily on three provinces identified as key source and transit areas for labour migration and human trafficking – West Java, West Kalimantan and West Nusa Tenggara.
Indonesia is committed to combat human trafficking and in 2007 adopted a comprehensive anti-trafficking law criminalizing cross-border and domestic trafficking, and providing protection for victims and people prepared to testify against traffickers.
But the US Department of State’s 2010 Trafficking in Persons (TIP) Report noted that the Indonesian authorities lacked sufficient resources to sustainably enforce the law and called for continued efforts to increase the prosecution and protection capacity of the relevant authorities.
Under EMPOWER, IOM, UNFPA and WHO will work with the government to support the implementation of the national law, policies, and action plans to combat human trafficking, as well as the protection and empowerment of victims.
The project will work towards strengthening the capacity of key state and non-state actors in Indonesia and major countries of destination and transit, as well as helping victims to recover, return home and reintegrate.
It will target key government agencies to help them to better understand the public and individual health risks associated with trafficking. And it will focus on high risk areas to raise awareness of the problem and build the capacity of local authorities to address it.
Activities will include the training of law enforcement officials and service providers, including health workers; victim support; improving community awareness; building local capacity; technical support; equipment grants; coordination and research.