The United Nations has reported that three areas in Somalia which were
declared to be in a state of famine earlier this year have emerged from the dire
food crisis as a result of scaled-up relief delivery, but warned that the
situation remains critical for millions of people in the Horn of Africa country.
The UN Food Security and Nutrition Analysis Unit for Somalia said that the
situation had improved in the affected areas in the southern regions of Bay,
Bakool and Lower Shabelle and they were no longer famine zones.
However, UN Humanitarian Coordinator for Somalia, Mark Bowden, said that famine
persists in parts of the Middle Shabelle and in the Afgooye corridor, near the
capital, Mogadishu, which hosts a large number of internally displaces persons
Valerie Amos, the Under-Secretary-General for Humanitarian Affairs, said in a
statement that “progress is fragile and needs to be sustained.”
“While humanitarian agencies have helped bring food, nutrition, water and
sanitation help to millions of people in the last few months, I remain extremely
concerned by the critical situation in Mogadishu and other parts of south and
central Somalia,” said Ms. Amos, who is also the UN Emergency Relief
Insecurity, looting and other forms of violence, high malnutrition rates and
disease means that the humanitarian community needs to remain focused on the
best ways to scale up the relief effort next year, she said.
“We need the international community to continue to generously support the vital
work we and our partners are doing.
“We need to make sure that those most in need get help and we must also continue
to look at ways of building the resilience of communities and families so that
they are better equipped to deal with the impact of drought and extreme food
insecurity in the future,” she added.
A severe drought ravaged the Horn of Africa earlier this year causing food
shortages that claimed the lives of tens of thousands of people in Somalia and
brought more than 3.2 million others on the brink of starvation.
A significant scale-up of relief efforts helped reach 2.2 million affected
people, giving them access to food and water.