The United Nations refugee agency has announced new strategies to ensureuninterrupted assistance and services in its largest complex in Kenya, includingtraining and mentoring of refugees as well as involving them in the day-to-dayrunning of the Dadaab camps.
“Refugees have always had a role in making camps work. However, at Dadaab thatrole is being expanded,” said Andrej Mahecic, spokesperson for the UN HighCommissioner for Refugees (UNHCR), during a press briefing in Geneva.“Hospitals, for example, have remained open throughout this difficult period,staffed by refugees, nationals, and a limited number of international staff,” hesaid.
Part of the new strategy includes reaching out to different groups within the
refugee population such as elders, the business community and youth so they can
contribute in distinct ways. Mr. Mahecic stressed that refugee leaders and
refugees working for partner agencies are being trained to identify individuals
who require urgent attention so they can get life-saving assistance immediately.
“In situations when international or national staff cannot get to camps the
health posts are managed by refugee staff who have been trained over the years
to provide basic medical services and refer more serious cases to the camp
hospitals,” Mr. Mahecic said. “Refugee staff are also getting refresher courses
on management of sensitive cases of sexual or gender-based violence,” he added.
According to UNHCR, since the beginning
of this year, over 150 vulnerable people and families have been identified by
the agency and its partners, and brought to the agency’s offices in Dadaab where
they have received medical and psychological help.
Refugees are also helping to improve the camps’ conditions by building new
latrines on sandy and rocky ground, and by collecting and transporting solid
waste by donkey carts to allocated waste disposal sites.
In addition, UNHCR is also engaging with young refugees to enhance their skills
and work experience. “More than 30 camp schools remain open and are run by
refugee teachers. Despite insecurity, the Kenyan National Exams took place in
the camps at the end of last year and the results were an improvement in the
average score in comparison to last year. The exams were made possible because
the community patrolled the schools and guarded the gates,” Mr. Mahecic said.
He stressed that UNHCR will continue to identify specific groups for outreach
such as business and religious leaders, and would also strengthen awareness
through radio and other means such as free mobile texting.
The Dadaab refugee complex shelters more than 460,000 refugees. A third of this
refugee population arrived in 2011 alone, fleeing the conflict, drought, famine
and human rights abuses in Somalia. The camps in Dadaab opened two decades ago
and were originally designed to host some 90,000 refugees.